Migration Policy in a European Context 2016

Rainer Münz

Rainer Münz
Course Lead

Senior Adviser on Migration, European Commission

Olena Fedyuk, Junior Scholar on Migration Policy

Olena Fedyuk
Junior Scholar on Migration Policy

 1.    Course description, aims and objectives

The elective course Migration Policy in a European Context will cover fundamental aspects of European migration and migration policy including issues of demography, labor migration, European border management, diaspora and citizenship (policies & politics), the rights of migrants, and asylum policy. The course is structured as three two-day block session (a total of 6 days, with sessions of 2x100 minutes per day). Included in the course are two field trips, one to ICMPD and the EU Fundamental Rights Agency in Vienna, another one to a reception center in Hungary. The program will feature high-level policy experts and practitioners, representatives of inter-national organizations with a migration portfolio CEU faculty, as well as government and NGO representatives.

The course aims to provide participants with a comprehensive understanding of the fundamen-tals of migration and migration policy and its multi-level structure through:

  • analysis and debate of issues raised by contemporary migratory dynamics (including the current refugee crisis);
  • assessment of the steering and integration capacities of the EU and nation states;
  • engagement with the changing architecture of global migration governance as well as regional, local and municipal responsibilities.

The objective of the course is to provide participants with the skills and knowledge to:

  • link different perspectives and issue areas that apply / configure the field of migration policy;
  • understand basic conceptual components of migration analysis and the different approaches to migration policy and procedures of the migration policy process;
  • analyze the migration policy/strategy of a country (municipality, city) or an international organization;
  • critically understand current migration debates in the region, including the so-called ‘refugee crisis’, and demonstrate an appreciation of the actors, levels of decision-making and shifting roles of local, state-level and international stakeholders;
  • analyze the actions of local and national actors in the framework of existing supra-national agreements (e.g., the Dublin and Schengen agreements).

2.    Target groups

We expect to accommodate 15 students from the CEU community (five students from SPP, ten Master and PhD students from CEU departments) and 15 external ones.

  • SPP/CEU students will be able to apply via the online system. Preference will be given to SPP students who have had previous exposure to the field of migration and/or integration policy and/or had to deal with humanitarian crisis intervention, as part of their academic curriculum or professional experience, and who can credibly demonstrate that they seek to use the course for their future careers;
  • The focus on skills as well as on policy expertise will be complemented by an effort to open the course to migration, asylum and home affair professionals based in Budapest, Vienna, Belgrade and Bratislava, from Hungarian, Austrian, Serbian and Slovak governments (Ministries of Interior and of Labor, asylum processing agencies), international organizations based in Budapest (IOM, UNHCR, Federation of the Red Cross, ILO) as well as NGOs (MigSzol, MigHelp, Hungarian Helsinki Committee, Menedek, Artemisszio) and a number of refugees with status in Hungary. By end of January 2016, we will have reached out to externals and put in place a competitive selection process.

3.    Application requirements

SPP/CEU students will be able to apply via the online system. External applicants (practitioners) will be asked to provide a motivation letter describing how they would benefit from the course, how they think their experience of working in this area can contribute to the course objectives, and also stating their ability to fund all occurring travel & accommodation-related costs. Similarly, refugee applicants will be asked to apply to the course with their CV, a motivation letter describing how they would benefit from the course and their perceived level of English language / language training.

4.    Grading

  • Attendance and active participation (15% of the final grade) – active engagement in class discussions, demonstrating knowledge of the assigned readings, attempting to link the different issue areas, share work experience (for practitioners) and home country facts (for students);
  • Mid-term case study (35% of the final grade) - a critical analysis of the migration & asylum policy/strategy of the participant’s country/agency/organizational unit within an agency (2500 words);
  • Final paper/Take-home exam (50% of the final grade) - on the basis of the sessions, elaborate on one of the essay question, demonstrating an understanding of the multi-disciplinary perspective on migration and its multi-faceted nature. Two or three optional essay questions will be provided (5000 words).

Practitioners will receive a certificate for successful completion of the course; students will be awarded 2 CEU credit points.

5.   Course schedule 

14 April 2016
General introduction to the course
Demography, economic development, security and global migration policy

The session deals with global demographic, economic and human security imbalances as well as their implication for today’s and tomorrow’s migration and refugee flows. The main question is: will people continue to migrate from youthful, but poorer countries to graying, but richer societies? Or will economic growth in emerging and developing markets lead to less migration as more people will decide to stay in dynamic economies – despite the fact these countries still have a lower GDP per capita? And how will ongoing conflicts in our neighborhood impact Europe’s ability providing protection? Possible answers discussed in this session might also have implications for European migration policies. Starting with the current refugee crisis this introductory session will analyze the phenomenon from the perspectives of both the receiving and the sending countries and project scenarios on the future of international migration. The session will also offer an overview of the main sources of quantitative data on migration.

  • Introduction: Migration Policy in a European Context , Prof. Rainer Münz
  • Global imbalances, Prof. Rainer Münz

15 April 2016
Labor migration and labor markets: third-country & intra-EU mobility

For many mobile people the main motivation for migration is an economic one. People with unsatisfactory economic perspectives or underutilization of acquired skills are trying to find work abroad with the purpose of generating income and eventually sending money back home; or with the purpose of bringing the whole family along. Under the right circumstances, labor migration is the quickest way of lifting people to higher levels of income. Beyond this micro-level analysis, the mobility of labor and skills has economic consequences both for sending and receiving countries – including consequences for wages and the supply and demand of labor and skills. In this context it should not be overlooked that the conditions under which migrants are admitted have an impact both on their self-selection and on their labor market integration. It should also not be overlooked that the very existence of various informal labor markets serves as a main pull-factor attracting both irregular migrants and people overstaying their terms of residence. The session analyzes the outcomes of different labor migration regimes, both globally and on the level of intra-EU mobility, i.e. the mobility rights of EU citizens within the EU’s labor market. The session will also discuss how European migration policies have developed and how its selection and admission system could be reformed.

  • Prof. Martin Kahanec, CEU
  • Balasz Lehel, Head, IOM office Budapest

12 May 2016
Rights of migrants

Migrants – in particular those coming from third countries – are more likely to be discriminated than native-born members of mainstream society. Structurally discrimination takes place on labor and housing markets, individually it happens at workplaces and in everyday life. In extreme cases this even leads to abuse. Fighting discrimination of migrants is important at a human rights level. But it is also important from an economic point of view as a better job for migrants fit would lead to higher income and help avoiding brain waste. This would help increasing the economic gain from migration both for the receiving country and for the migrants themselves. The session will discuss how to protect human and fundamental rights of migrants and how to protect particularly vulnerable groups. It will discuss the fragmentation of rights linked to the migration status, including gender and high-skilled and low-skilled migrant categories.

  • This session will take place on the FRA premises in Vienna.
  • Instructors: Ann-Charlotte Nygaard, Frederick Banson (FRA)

13 May 2016
European border management and visa regimes

The aim of this session is to increase participants’ awareness and understanding of the current structure of European border management and its actors: What are the fundamental aspects of European integration leading up to the establishment of the Schengen area? What competencies of border management exist at EU-level and what competencies remain with the nation state? Where do we observe cooperation in border management, both between member states and with neighboring countries? And who is actually managing the borders? Wat are the dynamics of decision-making in this multi-layered governance area? The session will also focus on actors such as agencies and private companies that engage in border management, e.g. in terms of supporting coordination among member states in guarding external borders (FRONTEX) or in terms of commercial and/or security companies taking over tasks of control and security provision (airport and security staff and other privately operating firms handling passport checks, security checks or pre-processing of asylum applications respectively). Additional aspects to be covered in this session include human rights protection at borders, criminal networks operations across borders, the privatization of border control/ management, the de-territorialization of the border & border control, member state cooperation and third countries on aspects of border management, or technical aspects of border surveillance and mobility tracking.

  • This session will be held on the ICMPD premises in Vienna.
  • Instructors: Martijn Pluim, Albert Kraler, Slavka Zborovianova, Veronika Bilger, Elisa Trossero (ICMPD)

9 June 2016
Diaspora and citizenship

“Diaspora” – the term refers to geographically dispersed populations relating themselves collectively with a (former) homeland outside their country of residence. This can either be traced back to earlier settlements, displacement, dissolution of empires and multi-ethnic states; or it can be the result of more recent labor migration and refugee flows. Diasporas are characterized by their ability to connect or at least identify with a former homeland. They can play an eminent role in preserving and upholding language, culture and/or religion. Diasporas can be instrumental in fostering ties between their country of residence and the (former) homeland they relate to. Some Diasporas make substantial economic contributions by sending remittances or investing in the former homeland. Diasporas often are involved in politics both in the country they live and in the country they relate to. This partly depends on issues like citizenship, voting rights and political mobilization.  It also depends to a certain degree on trans-border nationalism based on ethnic criteria. For this reason, diasporas can become a bridge, but also a challenge for the relations between two countries. The session discusses how Diasporas and (former) homelands can engage with each other in mutually beneficial ways and how modern European nation states are dealing with the issue. The session also discusses how ethnic nation states have dealt with their own co-ethic Diasporas in two completely different ways – trying to empower Diasporas abroad or encouraging a return to the historical “homeland”.

  • Prof. Luicy Pedroza (on citizenship)
  • Peter Kreko (Political Capital)

10 June 2016
Asylum policy

Both European tradition and international conventions require EU member states to admit asylum seekers and to grant them refugee status if they qualify. This tradition and legal obligation, however, is being questioned, as an increasing number of people manage to cross Europe’s land and sea borders in irregular ways – with many of them asking for protection. In recent years some 300.000 to 400.000 people claimed asylum in one of the 28 EU member states. Europe’s predicament in this context is clear: Globally, but also in Europe’s geographic neighborhood, many more people are in need of protection than the EU and other European countries will be able and willing to accommodate. And this disproportionate relation can only grow as besides political refugees and destitute people the number of climate refugees will increase during the years to come. The other dilemma relates to solidarity. Irregular entries mainly take place at Europe’s Southern/South-Eastern sea borders. Countries like Italy and Greece have to shoulder the main burden of dealing with these inflows – including increasingly costly rescue operations in the Mediterranean. At the same time only seven EU countries, all of them located in North-Western Europe are handling three quarters of all asylum applications. And, so far, under current rules there is no truly functioning mechanism for burden-sharing. The session will discuss information-led and protection based practices in managing mixed migration flows at Europe’s external borders. It will concentrate on the interception, identification, and reception of persons in need for protection both at external borders as well as through in-country procedures. It will also touch upon relevant longer term solutions such as return, integration, and resettlement in another country. Particular focus will be dedicated to good practices of cooperation at national and international level regarding refugee protection and mixed migration, and asylum, including aspects from the UNHCR’s 10 point plan of action.

  • Instructors: Boldizsar Nagy, CEU, Gerald Knaus, ESI, Andras Kovats, Menedek, Budapest

6.  Application Procedure

To apply, interested individuals should submit the online application form by 22 March 2016.

Please note that we have extended the deadline for applications until 28 March.

  • SPP/CEU students will be able to apply via the online system.
  • External applicants (practitioners) will be asked to provide a motivation letter describing how they would benefit from the course, how they think their experience of working in this area can contribute to the course objectives, and also stating their ability to fund all occurring travel & accommodation-related costs.
  • Similarly, refugee applicants will be asked to apply to the course with their CV, a motivation letter describing how they would benefit from the course and their perceived level of English language / language training.

For additional information please contact: gpa@spp.ceu.edu.